"Accelerating Development
& Commercialization of
Sustainable Aviation Fuel"
ANA

Feedstock Selection

We were flexible about feedstock selection so long as it is non-food feedstock to ensure to avoid competition with human food consumption. We used biofuel made mainly from used cooking oil.

Fuel Acquisition & Distribution

6,000 gallons of fuel containing 50% biofuels and 50% kerosene was purchased from SkyNRG/Dynamic. The 50% biofuel mixture was delivered to Portland, Oregon in November 2011, where the 50% biofuel mixture was diluted with kerosene to make 15% biofuel mixture. The 15% biofuel mixture was stored in Portland until the delivery flight. Required quality assurance tests were conducted to ensure the 15% biofuel mixture was in compliance with the D1655 standard.

Flight Selection

Route: Toulouse-Paris Orly

Aircraft: A321

Engines: CFM56 -5B1/3

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Case Study: ANA

Project Overview

ANA and Boeing partnered to fly the first 787 Dreamliner delivery flight using a biofuel blend. ANA's 787 flew from Everett, Washington, USA to Tokyo, Japan.

ANA had been exploring the use of biofuel for some time. Being the launch customer for 787 Dreamliner, with 55 firm orders, pursuing the idea of being the first ailine to fly the 787 on biofuels made sense.

Team Involved

CSR Promotion, General Administration of ANA played a coordinating role in the project. Also involved was the following teams from ANA and Boeing:

  • Quality Assurance, Engineering & Maintenance, Tokyo
  • USA Engineering Office, Seattle, USA
  • Fleet, Purchasing, Corporate Office
  • Public Relations, Corporate Office
  • and their respective counterparts from Boeing both in Seattle and in Tokyo.

Fuel Supplier Selection

Because the flight originated from Everett, Washington USA, with the assistance of Boeing we chose to purchase biofuel from SkyNRG/Dynamic.

The fact that KLM had already flown between Amsterdam and Paris using a biofuel blend made mainly from used cooking oil provided by SkyNRG was a driving force in making that selection.

Sustainability

Aviation biofuels must be safe, sustainable and affordable, in the long run. Strict sustainability of feedstock; Sustainable jet fuel must perform substantially better than the fossil alternative.

Flight Selection

The 787 delivery flight departed from Everett to ANA’s hub airport, Haneda, Tokyo. The airplane was powered by Rolls Royce Trent 1000 engines.

Communication with Staff and the Marketing Efforts

The project staff and all those involved within ANA and Boeing both in Everett/Seattle and in Tokyo had close communication during the project implementation bearing in mind safety as the top priority. Both ANA Public Relations and Boeing jointly released information about this very first 787 Dreamliner biofuel flight. This historic flight commemorated the very first trans-Pacific biofuel flight of all. In spite of a late night arrival into Haneda there was a strong showing of TV and newspaper reporters. There was substantial media coverage of this historic ANA - Boeing 787 Deamliner biofuel flight.

Stakeholders Feedback after the Flight

There was strong positive feedback from customers and general public as to ANA’s biofuel flight, in particular, its reduction of environmental impact by reducing approximately 30% CO2 emissions by flying the 787 with a biofuel mixture compared with today’s similar-sized airplanes.

ANA' s eco-friendly and eco-conscious efforts have been well received by the public.

Lessons Learned

We realized that there exist various regulatory and other rules which need to be cleared with respect to the following areas and subjects:

  • Airworthiness verification in Documentation ----- FAA's Special Airworthiness Information Bulletin of Sept 14, 2011 Boeing's Service Letter
  • Fuel Grade and Specifications ----- The new/revised edition of ASTM D7566
  • Specifies that no more than 50% of a fuel can be synthetic portion, at least 50% must be conventional commercial jet fuel, or Jet A and Jet A-1

This new ASTM D7566 allows for us in Japan, where AFQRJOS standard is applied, to re-certificate to D1655, while the procedures relating to re-certification in Japan did not occur this time for the blended biofuel was loaded only in Everett, Washington.

Oil companies, refiners and new alternative fuel producers will use the new specifications in their operations to manufacture the fuel. They are all re-certified by the refinery or transportation companies as D1655 fuels. However, airlines have ultimate responsibility for ensuring the fuel meets the specification before loading it on the aircraft.

* More Challenges in the immediate future ----- Besides all the regulatory and rules concerning biofuel usage, the biggest challenges facing the alternative biofuels producers is the investment required to scale up production and produce the quantities of biofuels needed. In turn, airlines face the situation where there is scarce supply of biofuels and extremely high price. Price will come down as more feedstock becomes available. Quality control will be critical to secure high fuel quality through production and use.