& Commercialization of
Sustainable Aviation Fuel"
Case Study: ANA
ANA and Boeing partnered to fly the first 787 Dreamliner delivery flight using a biofuel blend. ANA's 787 flew from Everett, Washington, USA to Tokyo, Japan.
ANA had been exploring the use of biofuel for some time. Being the launch customer for 787 Dreamliner, with 55 firm orders, pursuing the idea of being the first ailine to fly the 787 on biofuels made sense.
CSR Promotion, General Administration of ANA played a coordinating role in the project. Also involved was the following teams from ANA and Boeing:
- Quality Assurance, Engineering & Maintenance, Tokyo
- USA Engineering Office, Seattle, USA
- Fleet, Purchasing, Corporate Office
- Public Relations, Corporate Office
- and their respective counterparts from Boeing both in Seattle and in Tokyo.
Fuel Supplier Selection
Because the flight originated from Everett, Washington USA, with the assistance of Boeing we chose to purchase biofuel from SkyNRG/Dynamic.
The fact that KLM had already flown between Amsterdam and Paris using a biofuel blend made mainly from used cooking oil provided by SkyNRG was a driving force in making that selection.
Aviation biofuels must be safe, sustainable and affordable, in the long run. Strict sustainability of feedstock; Sustainable jet fuel must perform substantially better than the fossil alternative.
The 787 delivery flight departed from Everett to ANA’s hub airport, Haneda, Tokyo. The airplane was powered by Rolls Royce Trent 1000 engines.
Communication with Staff and the Marketing Efforts
The project staff and all those involved within ANA and Boeing both in Everett/Seattle and in Tokyo had close communication during the project implementation bearing in mind safety as the top priority. Both ANA Public Relations and Boeing jointly released information about this very first 787 Dreamliner biofuel flight. This historic flight commemorated the very first trans-Pacific biofuel flight of all. In spite of a late night arrival into Haneda there was a strong showing of TV and newspaper reporters. There was substantial media coverage of this historic ANA - Boeing 787 Deamliner biofuel flight.
Stakeholders Feedback after the Flight
There was strong positive feedback from customers and general public as to ANA’s biofuel flight, in particular, its reduction of environmental impact by reducing approximately 30% CO2 emissions by flying the 787 with a biofuel mixture compared with today’s similar-sized airplanes.
ANA' s eco-friendly and eco-conscious efforts have been well received by the public.
We realized that there exist various regulatory and other rules which need to be cleared with respect to the following areas and subjects:
- Airworthiness verification in Documentation ----- FAA's Special Airworthiness Information Bulletin of Sept 14, 2011 Boeing's Service Letter
- Fuel Grade and Specifications ----- The new/revised edition of ASTM D7566
- Specifies that no more than 50% of a fuel can be synthetic portion, at least 50% must be conventional commercial jet fuel, or Jet A and Jet A-1
This new ASTM D7566 allows for us in Japan, where AFQRJOS standard is applied, to re-certificate to D1655, while the procedures relating to re-certification in Japan did not occur this time for the blended biofuel was loaded only in Everett, Washington.
Oil companies, refiners and new alternative fuel producers will use the new specifications in their operations to manufacture the fuel. They are all re-certified by the refinery or transportation companies as D1655 fuels. However, airlines have ultimate responsibility for ensuring the fuel meets the specification before loading it on the aircraft.
* More Challenges in the immediate future ----- Besides all the regulatory and rules concerning biofuel usage, the biggest challenges facing the alternative biofuels producers is the investment required to scale up production and produce the quantities of biofuels needed. In turn, airlines face the situation where there is scarce supply of biofuels and extremely high price. Price will come down as more feedstock becomes available. Quality control will be critical to secure high fuel quality through production and use.